Thoughts about the Wisconsin teachers’ union *UPDATED*

As I understand it, Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker, faced with a $3.6 billion biennial budget deficit (for the years 2011-2013), had the choice of raising taxes in his financially beleaguered state or firing up to 6,000 state employees.  He chose a third route, proposing that Wisconsin’s public sector employees start carrying a small portion of their pension and benefit load.  The Heritage Foundation summarizes Walker’s proposal as follows:

Walker’s proposal would limit collective bargaining power and reform public employee benefit plans. For the first time, state employees would be responsible for making a 5.8 percent contribution into their pension plans and pick up the tab for 12 percent of their health care benefits. As it currently stands, Wisconsin taxpayers bear 100 percent of the costs.

Even with this change to the status quo, the employees are still better off than the average Wisconsin employee.  First, as noted, taxpayers are currently paying all of those costs.  Second, even under the proposed change, the public sector employees would still be paying a significantly lower percentage of these costs than are paid by similarly situated private employees.

Keep in mind, too, that the average teacher in a Wisconsin city Milwaukee including benefits — has a salary a total compensation in excess of $100,000:

This salary annual compensation package is one half the average sale price ($200,000) for a home in Madison, Wisconsin.  The average salary in Wisconsin overall is less than $60,000.  To summarize, Wisconsin teachers, who are state employees receiving their income from taxpayers, get higher pay and better benefits than many of their taxpayer employers.

Aside from the money issues, Gov. Walker proposes trimming union wings a bit, so that the unions lose some of their coercive power over their own members:

Walker’s budget removes the special privileges that give government unions their outsize influence. His plan allows workers to quit their union without losing their job. He requires unions to demonstrate their support through an annual secret-ballot vote. He also ends the unfair taxpayer subsidy to union fundraising: The state and local government would stop collecting union dues with their payroll systems.

In a dreadful economy, in a state with a huge debt load, you’d think that the public sector employees would be sanguine about the proposal.  After all, they get to keep their jobs, they get to keep their benefits, and they still have salaries and benefits that exceed those given to their taxpayer employees.  In addition, the unions that they are currently to which they are currently forced to belong would have to be run more fairly.

If you were looking for reasoned thought from unions, however, you’d be looking a long, long time.  The unions and their Democrat consigliores have gone absolutely ballistic.  The Democrat politicians have gone into hiding and the teachers have gone on the march.

With regard to the teacher protests, you’ve already heard about the illegal strike; the ill-informed and indoctrinated students dragged into the fray; the vile signs likening Walker to Hitler or Hussein or Mubarak, or placing gun sights on Walker’s face’ and the filth these protesters left in their wake.  What I’m more interested in is why the teachers?  Other public sector employees are also subject to these budget proposals, but it’s the teachers who are leading the way.

Part of the answer, of course, lies with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie.  In a state in which the teachers’ union has been likened to the fourth branch of government, it was he who first made Americans aware of the way in which teacher’s unions, more than any other single employee group, are putting a pinch on state government coffers.  Suddenly, teachers aren’t the sweet-faced little ladies teaching Johnny and Janie to read.  Instead, they’re well-paid cogs benefiting from the union’s depredations.

Christie is always careful, in his speeches, to distinguish individual teachers from the unions themselves, and he’s right to do so.  It is the unions that are rapacious.  The teachers benefit, of course, from the union demands.  They’d be absolute idiots to say “No, I don’t want the salary you’re handing me; no, I don’t want the benefits that are coming my way; and, please, forget about that tenure that makes sure I’ll have a job forever.”  Each individual teacher knows that if he should decide unilaterally to be honorable and turn down the salary and benefits headed his way, it would change nothing.  The situation would continue the same, but he’d be poor.

The problem for teachers is that, having taken these benefits, they’re stuck with the consequences.  They’re stuck with the fact that, because of tenure, too many incompetent teachers occupying America’s classrooms, bringing the whole profession into disrepute.  And they’re stuck with the fact that the unions have stuck their collective bargaining noses in the curriculum, teaching information and values that offend their taxpayer employers.  And they’re stuck with the fact that ordinary taxpayers (and teachers are taxpayers too, but their numbers are small compared to the rest of America’s taxpayers), think that it’s obscene for someone to get paid twice their own salary, with much better benefits, for seven months work.

Oh, yeah!  Did I forget to mention that?  Most people work about eleven months of the year, with approximately one month off for official holidays and vacation.  Teachers, however, work on average seven months of the year, except that they make more money than those eleven-month workers do.

How did we get to this point with teachers?  I certainly remember a time when it wasn’t this way.  From about 1966 until 1987, my father was a public school teacher in a San Francisco Bay Area school district.  Those were not the glory days.  Our family lived only slightly above the poverty level.  We made ends meet only because, in addition to his teaching job, my father taught summer school and gave private lessons.  Eleven months a year, my father worked five to six days a week.  He left the house at 7:00 every day to teach school and returned home at around 10:30, after his private lessons ended.

The only good thing about my father’s job was the benefits.  He didn’t get life insurance, and he got a minuscule pension (about $5,000/year when he retired), but he got great medical and dental.  The dental was especially good:  if we had our teeth cleaned and checked twice a year, the insurance company would pay for all major dental procedures.  My parents, though, had to dig into their own pockets to get our crooked teeth straightened.

The whole situation stank.  There was a reason, though, for teachers’ lousy compensation.  Before women’s lib, the bulk of teacher’s were women.  Before women’s lib, you could therefore pay these female teachers a very low salary.  The thinking was that women who taught were wives and mothers who were bringing in a little extra.  They didn’t need a top salary because theirs was the second salary in a household.  (My mother, a draftswoman, was told precisely this back in 1958, when she learned that the man sitting at the table next to her, with the same training and job description, received twice her salary.)  That this wasn’t always the case — that the women was sometimes the primary or sole breadwinner — didn’t prevent it from being true often enough for the system to work fairly well in an era before women started realizing that the job itself, not their marital status, should determine the salary.

Incidentally, women’s lib also changed the caliber of teacher we see in today’s classroom.  In a pre-liberated era, one of the only jobs for bright, college-educated women, was teaching.  Classrooms therefore got a lot of teachers who would, by today’s standards, be considered over-educated.

I don’t say this to denigrate today’s teachers.  I know that most of them (and most are still female, although there are a fair number of men), are qualified for their jobs.  But the fact is that many of them don’t come from the top third of their own graduating classes.  When it comes to women, many in the top third now go to the cachet jobs:  doctors, lawyers, architects, investment bankers, etc.  This means that the current crop of teachers, with obvious and many exceptions, lacks the breadth of knowledge and education that characterized pre-women’s lib teachers.  What all this means is that we pay more now for teachers than we did a generation ago, but we get less educational bang for the buck.

The kind of starvation wages my father was paid were offensive.  Also, people realized that their children are in the teacher’s hands.  If they don’t get decent teachers, they don’t end up with decently educated children.  Ironically, it was the Leftists who argued most stridently what is an obvious free market principle:  if you don’t pay good salaries, you don’t get good workers.  Salaries for teachers had to go up.  It’s just that, as the unions gained more and more power, salaries went up disproportionately to the service being offered.  This fact wasn’t obvious during the flush times, but it sure is obvious now.

Worse, no matter how good the teachers, at precisely the same time that the unions were getting more demanding, people were noticing that their children were getting less educated.  Some of it, as I pointed out, was due to the change in educational level of those teaching.  Some, however, was due to the increased politicization of the classroom.  Educational colleges because less concerned with the Three Rs and infinitely more concerned with indoctrinating students.  Reading, writing and ‘rithmetic got swept away in ebonics, climate change, multiculturalism, identity politics, self-actualization and self-realization.  A six hour day just didn’t give enough time for everything, and academics suffered.

But no matter what, teachers’ unions clung to that moral high gr0und:  “It’s for the children!  Give us more money and, even though we won’t change the way in which we operate, we promise that we’ll produce a better product.”  After twenty plus years of being fooled, the taxpayers are finally wising up.

It’s this moral high ground, though, that sees the teachers in the forefront of the battle against Governor Walker.  No one is going to be sympathetic if the tax collections or auditors or motor vehicle employees rise up to fight the cuts.  It’s the teachers who have put themselves on the high moral pedestal, and it’s they who are falling furthest and fastest, although I don’t think they’ve quite realized either their speed or trajectory just yet.

The last thing I’ll say here, speaking directly to Gov. Walker and the Wisconsin Democrats, is a Margaret Thatcher quotation:  “This [is] no time to go wobbly.”  This is one of those turning points in a war.  It’s the public sector’s Gettysburg or Midway or Battle of the Bulge:  whoever wins this battle, wins the war.

Cross-posted at Right Wing News

[Updated to add video with $100,000 compensation info.]

UPDATE:  Larry Kudlow gives some useful information that helps put all the numbers in context:

Wisconsin parents should go on strike against the teachers’ union. A friend e-mailed me to say that the graduation rate in Milwaukee public schools is 46 percent. The graduation rate for African-Americans in Milwaukee public schools is 34 percent. Shouldn’t somebody be protesting that?

Governor Walker is facing a $3.6 billion budget deficit, and he wants state workers to pay one-half of their pension costs and 12.6 percent of their health benefits. Currently, most state employees pay nothing for their pensions and virtually nothing for their health insurance. That’s an outrage.

Nationwide, state and local government unions have a 45 percent total-compensation advantage over their private-sector counterpart. With high-pay compensation and virtually no benefits co-pay, the politically arrogant unions are bankrupting America — which by some estimates is suffering from $3 trillion in unfunded liabilities.

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  • Mike Devx

    Can someone enlighten me: What is the objection to public service employees organizing into a Union, whereas for private sector employees it is acceptable for them to organize into a Union?  I don’t understand why it would be acceptable for one group, but not the other.
     
    I’ve never had a philosophical objection to employees organizing into Unions, per se.  The problem, I’ve found, is that the Unions stop representing the legitimate issues that caused the formation of the union in the first place, and they become corrupt – just as our Representives and Senators in Washington D.C. have stopped representing us and have become corrupt.
     
    I also have no philosophical objection to employer collusion.  But if you make employer collusion illegal, you must make employee collusion – unions – illegal too.  At least, to me.  It’s only fair.
     
    The big problem as I see it is that public sector compensation is GUARANTEED, including pensions.  That has allowed them to operate free of market risk.  And that has led to nothing but trouble.  They should be subject to the same risks and penalties that private sector employees are subject to.  If the managers of their pension funds screw it up, they lose their pensions, just as those in the private sector do.  That’s how it ought to work.  Instead they are on the gravy train, the government – with its power gun pointed at the taxpayer – is the ladle that guarantees the delivery of their gravy.  And the gravy is the money coming out of your wallet, no matter what.
     
    What a nice little extortion system on the taxpayers.
     
     
     

  • http://ymarsakar.wordpress.com Ymarsakar

    In the private economy, they have real jobs of economic net worth. In government, it’s a total drain. The salary they get paid, is nothing but a drain on the treasury and produces no economic output greater than the cost.
     
    Thus public sector unions have no net worth to bargain for. They aren’t producing anything of worth.
     
    It is never accepted for private unions to deduct payment from salaries of people who don’t want to be in the union.

  • Mike Devx

    Ymar: In the private economy, they have real jobs of economic net worth. In government, it’s a total drain.

    I don’t think it’s as cut and dried as that.  Fire all the teachers who are public sector employees and shut down all the government schools: Then who will teach the kids that were being taught and what schools will they attend?

    You will have to replace those schools and replace those teachers.  I’m not saying that’s a bad idea!  But the point is: I claim that government services are inefficient compared to the private sector, not that they are a total waste.

    Quite a few government services meet an actual sector need.  They just tend to meet it poorly.  A claim that they are a total drain – that they meet no sector need at all – I don’t think can hold up.

    There’s a reason why, when the government takes over more and more responsibilities, that the country does not crash overnight.  It is a long, slow bleeding process.  It takes time for the inefficiencies to mount.  It takes time for the lack of risks to lead to mistake after mistake.  It takes time for corruption to set in.   Government employees have no personal vested interest in the success of their endeavor – they have to personally care, and maintain a high level of integrity entirely on their own initiative; this runs afoul of human nature itself and as time passes, you see the uncaring, unmotivated bureaucrat rise to the fore and the collapse accelerates.  I would claim the only reason the collapse is so slow is that a surprising number of these people DO personally care and do continue to perform their jobs professionally and well.  But not enough of them, never enough of them.

    When the government moves into a sector, the private sector cannot compete.  The government has the power of the gun via law, and it will always protect its own, at the certain expense of the private sector.  I’ll repeat: They *do* serve the market niche, but they serve it poorly, and decline sets in and continues.

    I like to phrase it as: The more the government takes over, the more everything around you starts to go gray.  By gray I mean dull, uninspired, stagnant, uncreative, unmotivated.  Go so far as complete socialism and/or totalitarianism, as in Russia, and you get everyone living their entire lives under a universal pall of suffocating grayness.

    And then there’s the fact that government intrusion leads to the citizenry becoming dependent on government and losing all self-initiative.  Losing the ability to take care of their needs and their family’s needs.  Losing the ability to make decisions for themselves!  Having been trained to rely on the government, that’s all they end up being able to do: Rely on the government.  Being dependent on government reduces people to the status of children, and sucks all the joy out of life.  Gray, gray, gray… lives of unending grayness.

    That is a certain recipe for civilizational collapse.  But again, it takes time.   Start with a nation of do-ers – the old American can-do spirit.  I would claim it takes a few generations before the collapse becomes apparent.  (America is not a Can-Do nation anymore.  Not anymore.  It’s sad.  But it’s inevitable as your government grows and grows, and generations are raised under that effect.)

  • http://zachriel.blogspot.com/2005/07/liberal-v-conservative.html Zachriel

    YmarsakarIn the private economy, they have real jobs of economic net worth. In government, it’s a total drain.

    Mike Devx: I don’t think it’s as cut and dried as that.  Fire all the teachers who are public sector employees and shut down all the government schools: Then who will teach the kids that were being taught and what schools will they attend?

    That’s correct, and thank you for pointing out the gross overstatement. Government workers certainly do provide valuable services, such as education, police, fire and roads. You introduce a very articulate argument concerning why governments may tend to be less efficient than the private sector, and how it can lead to a downward spiral in efficiency and accountability.
     
    Mike Devx: Government employees have no personal vested interest in the success of their endeavor – they have to personally care, and maintain a high level of integrity entirely on their own initiative; this runs afoul of human nature itself and as time passes, you see the uncaring, unmotivated bureaucrat rise to the fore and the collapse accelerates.  I would claim the only reason the collapse is so slow is that a surprising number of these people DO personally care and do continue to perform their jobs professionally and well.  

    So how do you explain the generally high levels of services provided by government police and fire services? 
     

  • Charles Martel

    “So how do you explain the generally high levels of services provided by government police and fire services?”

    Cites, please.

  • http://zachriel.blogspot.com/2005/07/liberal-v-conservative.html Zachriel
  • http://zachriel.blogspot.com/2005/07/liberal-v-conservative.html Zachriel
  • http://zachriel.blogspot.com/2005/07/liberal-v-conservative.html Zachriel
  • Charles Martel

    Zach, thank you for carrying out my assignment. However, your “cites” only cover New york City, which according to the National Academy of Sciences has only 2.7 percent of the U.S. population and 1/30,365th of all fire departments in the United States.

    Again, could you give us some cites that back up your contention?

  • Danny Lemieux

    So how do you explain the generally high levels of services provided by government police and fire services?
    Local control and local accountability!

    Contrary to the popular beliefs of certain quarters, conservatives are not opposed to “government”. We are, however, opposed to centralized government. The further away the accountability, the lower the quality of service.

  • http://zachriel.blogspot.com/2005/07/liberal-v-conservative.html Zachriel

    Charles Martel: However, your “cites” only cover New york City,

    Yes, it’s an example. Are you arguing the New York City is exempt from the Mike Devx’s argument somehow? New York City is special, but is it special in that way?
     
    Danny Lemieux: Local control and local accountability!

    That’s right. That’s why we cited articles where government officials were taking credit for the improvement. Mike Devx’s argument breaks down at that point. Though government is often less efficient than the private sector, there is a countervailing influence in political accountability that normally prevents a complete collapse in services. 
     
    Danny Lemieux: We are, however, opposed to centralized government. The further away the accountability, the lower the quality of service.

    That’s also right. However, some projects and oversight can only be accomplished at a larger scale; space exploration, military defense, regulation of international commerce. Again, that’s why the most successful modern societies have institutions working at different levels, from neighborly clubs to international law. 
     

  • http://zachriel.blogspot.com/2005/07/liberal-v-conservative.html Zachriel

    Danny Lemieux: Contrary to the popular beliefs of certain quarters, conservatives are not opposed to “government”.

    And again, we agree.

    And that is exactly the point. Conservatives understand that society is comprised of important institutions that have developed over time to become an integral part of the fabric of culture. Pull a thread, and the fabric may unravel. Consequently, reform should be carefully considered, especially with regards to unforeseen consequences. 
     

  • Charles Martel

    (Martel hits his head against the Zach wall yet one more time.)

    Zach: “So how do you explain the generally high levels of services provided by government police and fire services?” (Italics mine to emphasize Zach’s assertion that police and fire services [not just New York City's] in general are provided at high levels.)

    His response was to cite statistics for one fire department, out of more than 30,000 in the United States, that serves less than 3 percent of the U.S. population. Zach defended his answer as presenting “an example” when what I had clearly asked for was proof that his assertion applied to a vastly greater number than just one example.

    Once again, a demonstration of why people in this room don’t take his arguments seriously.

  • http://zachriel.blogspot.com/2005/07/liberal-v-conservative.html Zachriel

    Charles Martel: His response was to cite statistics for one fire department, out of more than 30,000 in the United States, that serves less than 3 percent of the U.S. population.

    As we already explained above, according to Mike Devx’s argument, government services, such as fire suppression, should be necessarily deficient and in a downward spiral. Unlike yourself, Danny Lemieux addressed the argument when he pointed out that there is accountability through the political process, though he suggests it may work more effectively at the local level. 

    In any case, structure fire response times are generally less than 5 minutes half the time, and the 90th percentile is less than 11 minutes. U.S. Fire Administration, Structure Fire Response Times, 2006.

    There does appear to be a correlation between funding and response time. Funding cuts in some cities have resulted in fire station closings. Consequently response times have increased due to the increased travel time. 
     

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