A look at some of the history and holidays on November 12
None of note. Now get to work . . . after you’re done reading.
1942 – World War II: Battle of Guadalcanal
Eight months after America entered WWI following Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor, America went on the offensive in the Pacific. The Japanese had built air and naval bases in the Solomon Islands. In August, America, successfully launched the Guadalcanal Campaign to capture those bases, the most important being an airfield at Tulaga.
Japan sent a naval flotilla transporting a division of soldiers to retake the airfield. Initial combat happened on the 12th of Nov., when Japanese planes staging out of New Britian attacked America’s nearby naval task force. Then at 1:25 a.m., in near total darkness, the Japanese and American fleets made contact near Guadalcanal. The engagement was short and furious, fought at close range by naval cannon and torpedo. Both sides took significant damage, the American side more so, but after 40 minutes of sustained combat, the Japanese fleet retreated, likely in anticipation of the coming dawn, when the U.S. would be able to attack from the air with its planes staged at Tulaga. Air combat and a second surface battle on 14-15 November concluded the battle, a decisive American victory that marked a tipping point in the war with Japan.
The Japanese made no further effort to retake Tulaga. From that point on, were fighting on the defensive against a relentless island hopping strategy that would end three years later at Japan itself.